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W3C Recommendation


The hr element represents a paragraph-level thematic break in text.

Overview Table

DOM Interface HTMLHRElement

The hr element represents a paragraph-level thematic break. That sounds kinda strange, I know, but a good example what that means comes from the world of fiction where the text in a given chapter might shift from one location to another or from one period of time to another. The hr is a great way to indicate a shift like that.


This example uses the hr element to create a paragraph-level thematic break.


<p>This is a paragraph in a section about Topic A.</p>
<p>This paragraph is part of a section concerning Topic B.</p>


 The hr element is a “replaced element” which means it is comprised of a single tag with no content. You can apply attributes (e.g. class) to the tag, but it must not contain text.

As a replaced element, the hr will be automatically closed by browsers, but you can also explicitly close the element with a trailing slash: <hr/>


In HTML 4.01, the hr element represented a horizontal rule. And while the hr element may still be displayed as a horizontal rule in visual browsers, it is now defined in semantic terms, rather than presentational ones.

Standards information

Related specifications

Specification Status Related Changes
HTML 5.1 W3C Working Draft
HTML 5 W3C Recommendation
HTML 4.01 W3C Recommendation

See also

Related articles




This article contains content originally from external sources.

Portions of this content come from the Microsoft Developer Network: [Windows Internet Explorer API reference Article]