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W3C Working Draft


The footer element (<footer>) was introduced in HTML5 for modeling the footer sections of real-world documents. The basic motivation for introducing the footer element was to eliminate the overuse of <div> elements and creating a suitable element for the links and text that are usually located at the bottom of the webpages.

Overview Table

DOM Interface HTMLElement



The following example defines two footers, one at the top and one at the bottom, with the same content.


 <!-- First footer -->
 <footer><a href="../">Back to index...</a></footer>
 <h1>Lorem ipsum</h1>
 <p>Insert long article here.</p>
 <!-- Second footer -->
 <footer><a href="../">Back to index...</a></footer>



Footers don't necessarily have to appear at the end of a section, though they usually do. The footer element can contain entire sections to represent appendices, indexes, license agreements, and similar content. Footers might also contain nav elements or contact information for the author or editor inside an address element. When the nearest ancestor element is the body element, then the footer applies to the whole document. The footer element is not sectioning content; it does not introduce a new section. Windows Internet Explorer 9. The footer element is only supported for webpages displayed in IE9 Standards mode. For more information, see Defining Document Compatibility.

Standards information

There are no standards that apply here.

HTML information


See also

Related articles

Document Structure

  • footer


  • footer

… further results

Related pages (MSDN)

  • Reference
  • article
  • aside
  • figcaption
  • figure
  • header
  • hgroup
  • mark
  • nav
  • section


This article contains content originally from external sources.

Portions of this content come from the Microsoft Developer Network: [Windows Internet Explorer API reference Article]

Portions of this content come from the Facebook HTML5 Resource Center.