@supports

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@supports

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W3C Candidate Recommendation

Summary

The CSS @supports at-rule lets authors detect support of CSS features directly in CSS.


The CSS at-rule @supports is part of the CSS Conditional Rules Module Level 3 Draft. It allows authors to condition rules based on whether particular property declarations are supported in CSS.

In other words @supports lets you detect browser support of CSS features directly in CSS. Modernizr is a well known library that detects features using JavaScript.

The operators and and or allows to chain the detection of several features.


Compatibility

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Examples

An abstract example with the detection of support for display: flex (known as CSS Flexible Box Layout Module):

CSS

@supports (display: flex) {
  div {
    display: flex;
  }
}

Chaining detection of several features using the operator and:

CSS

@supports (background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2)) and (opacity: 0.8) {
  body {
    background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2);
  }

  div {
    opacity: 0.8;
  }
}

To detect if an experimental feature is supported with vendor-prefixes the or operator might be helpful:

(This example does not include -o- and -ms- prefixes as neither Opera nor Microsoft supported a prefixed version of box-shadow.)

CSS

@supports (-webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 2px #000) or
          (   -moz-box-shadow: 0 0 2px #000) or
          (        box-shadow: 0 0 2px #000) {

  div {
    -webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 2px #000;
       -moz-box-shadow: 0 0 2px #000;
            box-shadow: 0 0 2px #000;
  }
}

Usage

Browser support for this feature is still pretty limited.


Related specifications

Specification Status Related Changes
CSS Conditional Rules Module Level 3 Candidate Recommendation

See also

Related articles

Syntax








  • @supports







External resources