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text-justify

Summary

The text-justify CSS property offers a fine level of justification control over the enclosed content, allowing for a variety of sophisticated justification models used in different language writing systems.

Overview table

Initial value
auto
Applies to
block containers and, optionally, inline elements
Inherited
Yes
Media
visual
Computed value
specified value
Animatable
No
CSS Object Model Property
textJustify

Syntax

  • text-justify: auto
  • text-justify: distribute
  • text-justify: inter-cluster
  • text-justify: inter-ideograph
  • text-justify: inter-word
  • text-justify: kashida
  • text-justify: none

Values

auto
Default. Allows the browser to determine which justification algorithm to apply.
none
Justification is disabled.
inter-word
Aligns text by increasing the space between words. This value’s spacing behavior is the fastest way to make all lines of text equal in length. Its justification behavior does not affect the last line of the paragraph. This value is typically used for languages that separate words using spaces, like English or Korean.
inter-ideograph
Justifies lines of ideographic text, and increases or decreases both inter-ideograph and inter-word spacing. This value is typically used for CJK languages.
inter-cluster
Justifies lines of text that contain no inter-word spacing. This value is typically used for Southeast Asian scripts such as Thai.
distribute
Aligns text by increasing the space between both of words and characters. This value is sometimes used in e.g. Japanese.
kashida
Justifies lines of text by elongating characters at chosen points. This form of justification is intended for Arabic script languages.

Examples

The first paragraph is using inter-word as a value of text-justify property, in English. The second one is using distribute in Japanese paragraph.

<p class="english">This is a simple paragraph with a altered text-justify value by inter-word.</p>

<p class="japanese">日本語では、どのように表示されるかを見てみましょう。日本語の場合にはdistributeが使用される場合があります。</p>

View live example

p {
    width: 300px;
    text-align: justify;
    text-align-last: justify;
}

p.english {
    text-justify: inter-word;
}

p.japanese {
    text-justify: distribute;
}

Related specifications

CSS Text Module Level 3
W3C Working Draft

See also

Other articles

Attributions